Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.
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Martin Hughes – – Cogito 3 2: Exploring this middle ground has led some philosophers to construct positions accommodating both the universal and the particular point of view — both the mandates of universal justice and claims of common humanity, and the concern for the patria and compatriots. Thanks for the cool post! So the activities and practices into which we enter not only give us a certain set of skills, but a tendency to continue to perfect those skills.
History of Western Philosophy.
Fichte, gave the subject more than a passing reference — and most of what Fichte had to say actually pertains to nationalism, rather than patriotism see Busch and Dierse To be sure, he makes no causal contribution to those wrongdoings, has no control over their course, macintyrw does not accept benefits from them.
Dagger, This argument conflates the issue of patriotism with that of political obligationand the notion of a patriot with that of a citizen.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
The rules that regulate the cooperation and determine the distribution of burdens and benefits enjoin, among other things, special concern for the well-being of compatriots which is not due to outsiders. Likewise with the serial killer who has ceased to be human. But a person whose love for her country was not expressed in macinfyre special concern for it would scarcely be considered a patriot.
Some of these objections can easily be countered. Both Socrates and Viroli are exaggerating the benefits bestowed on us by our country; surely any gratitude owed for being born or brought up is owed to parents, rather than birtue. This need not be the community as a whole or any political unit, however.
Find it on Scholar. As a rule, when someone is wronged, someone else benefits from that. As early aspolitical theorist Dolf Sternberger called for a new understanding of the concept of fatherland. If you do think your values, for example those of western liberal democracy, are the best at hand despite their flaws, feelings of universalized sympathy towards others might lead you to want to spread those values.
Military-Industrial Complex is Circumstantially Unethical. For an adherent of this type of patriotism, it is not enough that the country is her country. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. And further problem is that political practices based on universalized human nature can lead to supremacist imperialism every bit as oppressive as parochial jingoism.
Whether we have a moral duty to obey the laws of our country is one of the central issues in modern political philosophy, discussed under the heading of political obligation. One might find fault with the step from communitarianism to patriotism:.
Gary Gutting reflects this Fourth of July on the morality of patriotismwhich is grounded in a kind of in-group loyalty at odds with moral theories that require that we treat all human beings equally, regardless of whether we are part of the same family, tribe, or nation. But some responsibility in this connection may also devolve on those who have no part in the making of the decisions or in their implementation, nor even provide support, but accept the benefits such a practice, law or policy generates.
But however important in other respects these preferences, identifications, and concerns might be, they lack positive moral import. These end-states perfect or fully actualize some set of dispositions, some potentiality.
She will also expect it to live up to certain standards and thereby deserve her support, devotion, and special concern for its well-being. While patriotism of the more usual, worldly kind is neither morally required nor virtuous, but at best morally permitted, ethical patriotism can, under certain fairly common circumstances, be a moral duty Primoratz Some have argued that an emphatically political patriotism could perform the unifying function of nationalism while avoiding its perils.
Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism and PatriotismCambridge: Patriotism is not but another extension of the duty of concern for others; it is a special concern for my country because patrlotism is my country, for my compatriots because they are my compatriots.
Freedom is only a certain sociopolitical situation that we might attain if we do not first go extinct. Patriotism and Human Rights: This leads MacIntyre to conclude that patriotism is patrjotism to be contrasted with morality; it is rather a central moral virtue, indeed the bedrock of morality.
If I may, I think this is partly from the fact MacIntyre is reacting to his early period as a Marxist. Among those who do not, quite a few have made the distinction in ways that are not very helpful. How is it related to similar attitudes, such as nationalism? Really it seems that only more and more authoritarian regimes will be able to meet these urgent demands, and isolated individuals or small communities will have no way to respond to them but to comply.
Discussions of both patriotism and nationalism are often marred by lack of clarity due to the failure to distinguish the two. We can not assign human freedom in the form of an ontological category because it is rapidly becoming apparent the world is not and never will be in any way for-us, our pitiful existence pales in comparison with its vast expanse, our consciousness is in pattiotism ways very similar to a rock lying on a windy plain being carved away by its environment, before whatever life or process follows each of us is inevitably vaporized by the expanding sun.
About The Partially Examined Life The Partially Examined Life is a philosophy podcast by some guys who were at one point set on doing philosophy for a living but then thought better of it. When it fails to do so, she will withhold support.
Andrew Vincent – – The Journal of Ethics 13 4: The claim about the intrinsic value of our association might be thought a moot point. Patriotism has had a fair number of critics. There is considerable middle ground between these extremes.